— Rocky, whenever he barfs
Rocky is a male contestant in Battle for Dream Island, Battle for Dream Island Again, IDFB, and Battle for BFDI. While he did speak once in the first episode, he reverts to the single onomatopoeia "bulleh" while barfing at the same time in "Sweet Tooth" and remains like that for the rest of the first season. In the final episode of the first season, an infinite matter generator can be seen inside his mouth, which explains his tendency to barf whenever he wants to. The only time he ever speaks again is in "Rescission" but only one line. Unless upset, he is always seen with an abnormally large permanent smile on his face that extends up to his eyes.
He was the team leader for Another Name in episodes "Insectophobe's Nightmare" and "Crybaby!" and a member of each team at some point in the first season. Rocky was eliminated in episode 22 with 319 votes, being only 7 votes ahead of Flower. Rocky joined BFDIA with 1,008 votes, the most out of everyone.
In "Welcome Back", he appears to be barfing again. It is unknown how he got his barf back.
Rocky appears to be a quartzite rock, a form of the mineral quartz. His main body is smoky grey, and his shading is a darker grey. In BFB 6, he turns orange because of tangerine juice and was orange until "What Do You Think of Roleplay?". However, he regained his orange color the next episode.
Rocky is quite bizarre and erratic, and he is usually seen as a liability by most people, given his lack of intelligence and his tendency to barf constantly. His vomit occasionally helps him and his teammates, but it usually flies on other object's faces or their property.
Rocky rarely talks in BFDI, and he hasn't really said much other than his catchphrase, "Bulleh!". He's usually seen smiling and is rarely shown to be angry, even when bad things happen to him. This implies that Rocky is typically in a carefree and cheerful mood. However, it could also mean that he doesn't understand things due to a lack of intelligence. These tendencies can make him seem quite childish in some viewers' points of view.
Overall, Rocky is chaotic and child-like, often showing no understanding of objectives or plans and barfing on a whim rather than for a purpose.
Official Character Guide biography
Can rocks barf? You know, vomit... throw up. Yuck! Rocky can. In fact, Rocky barfs more than he speaks. Actually, Rocky lost the ability to talk in 2010. When he does "speak", it's by barfing.
Yet, like a vomiting superhero, Rocky can use his barf to propel himself, melt things, and create spectacular vomit art. Viewers have become so enamored by this puking prodigy that they voted him first for BFDIA entry. However, his teammates sometimes have to carry him around, since he likes to sit still.
Did You Know?: When Rocky had to bake a cake, both Flower and the Announcer gave it a score of 10/10.
- Infinite matter generation: Due to an infinite matter generator inside of Rocky in the first season, Rocky was able to produce and project an infinite amount of vomit. Despite losing the generator in "Return of the Hang Glider", Rocky regained the ability in IDFB, though it is unsure if this is due to another infinite matter generator or if Rocky gained the power through some other method.
- Cloning: As displayed in "Half a Loaf Is Better Than None", Rocky can vomit miniature copies of himself; these copies can also vomit miniature copies of themselves, and so on and so forth.
- Flutter jump: By waving his legs midair, Rocky can propel himself slightly.
- Acid: As shown in "Lick Your Way To Freedom" and "Return of the Rocket Ship", Rocky has the ability to barf up acid.
- Propulsion: Using his barf, Rocky can propel himself vertically or horizontally.
- Battle for Dream Island
- "Take the Plunge: Part 1" (speaks)
- "Take the Plunge: Part 2"
- "Barriers and Pitfalls"
- "Are You Smarter Than a Snowball?" (does not speak coherently)
- "Sweet Tooth"
- "Bridge Crossing"
- "Power of Three"
- "Puzzling Mysteries"
- "Cycle of Life"
- "Insectophobe's Nightmare"
- "A Leg Up in the Race"
- "Don't Lose Your Marbles"
- "Half a Loaf Is Better Than None"
- "Bowling, Now with Explosions!"
- "The Reveal"
- "Reveal Novum"
- "Rescission" (speaks)
- "Gardening Hero"
- "The Glistening" (does not speak coherently)
- "Don't Pierce My Flesh" (eliminated)
- "Insectophobe's Nightmare 2" (speaks in group)
- "Return of the Hang Glider" (speaks in group)
- Battle for Dream Island Again
- Battle for BFDI
- "Getting Teardrop to Talk"
- "Lick Your Way to Freedom"
- "Why Would You Do This on a Swingset"
- "Today's Very Special Episode" (flashback)
- "Fortunate Ben"
- "Four Goes Too Far"
- "The Liar Ball You Don't Want"
- "Questions Answered"
- "This Episode Is About Basketball"
- "Enter the Exit"
- "Get to the Top in 500 Steps"
- "What Do You Think of Roleplay?" (speaks indirectly)
- "Return of the Rocket Ship"
- "Don't Dig Straight Down"
- "The Four is Lava" (Picture)
Battle for Dream Island
In "Take the Plunge: Part 1", Rocky is seen casually standing, when a falling Woody collides with him. Due to this collision, a tiny chip of Woody falls off his body, causing Woody to scream in pain. Rocky is seen later standing on a mountain. Snowball, who crash-landed his hang glider there, walks up to him and tells Rocky to wake up. Although he never was asleep, Rocky reacts as if he was, confused, followed by greeting Snowball with a hello. This annoys Snowball, who throws Rocky off the mountain with a sigh. Rocky enjoys the thrill of flying through the air until he collides into Tennis Ball. He then greets Tennis Ball and calls him his "good ol' friend", which annoys TB.
During the balance beam challenge, he continues to casually stand in place, not interacting with anyone. Despite this, he manages to make it to the final 4, when he is finally pushed off by Teardrop, who falls in as well.
In "Take the Plunge: Part 2", he is picked last for Squashy Grapes, simply because he has no arms. During the boat race through the Goiky Canal, after Snowball pushes Golf Ball off the cliff, the rest of his team collide into him, running in fear. The collision causes him to be sent flying into Snowball, and both of them fall off the cliff and into the water, eventually using Spongy as a floating device. Because of the lack of teamwork, his team loses the challenge.
In "Barriers and Pitfalls", Rocky did not receive a vote to be eliminated and is safe at Cake at Stake. Later during the challenge, he continues to stand still, doing nothing. Pin then hits Woody, who almost collides into Rocky again because of this, but Tennis Ball kicked him out of the way, once again, sending him flying through the air. Moments later, he lands on the ski lift wire, breaking it, making it impossible for anyone else to make it to the finish line.
In "Are You Smarter Than A Snowball?", Rocky is unable to do the test, for he doesn't know how to write. Tennis Ball tells him that he needs to learn how to write though, even though he has no arms. This angers Rocky, who kicks Tennis Ball, causing him to roll down a hill. He is later confronted by Golf Ball, who complains that he hasn't started. Even so, he still turns in his test, getting zero points.
In "Sweet Tooth", Rocky makes a grey-colored cake. He also barfs in his cake, making this the 1st time he barfs on the show. Despite barfing in his cake, he still manages to get 22 points, placing 2nd in the challenge. He also helps in the chocolate eating challenge, winning for his team. Rocky stops talking in this episode.
In "Bridge Crossing", Rocky is only seen briefly. When Snowball tries to get revenge on Golf Ball, he attempts to throw Rocky at her, but Golf Ball dodges him, and hits one of the bridges instead, destroying it. Because of this, he falls into the gorge, sinking into the water below.
In "Power of Three", Rocky is grouped up with Snowball and Golf Ball for the race. He doesn't do much at all and is simply carried by Snowball throughout the challenge, barfing on Ice Cube along the way.
In "Puzzling Mysteries", Rocky is hardly seen, casually standing still and doing nothing throughout the challenge. When choosing which contestant he wants on his team, he vomits, and his barf is shaped like Firey, implying that he votes for Firey.
In "Cycle of Life", Rocky caused minor mischief while picking the Squashy Grape members that would compete in the challenge, when he barfed on the spinner. During the challenge, he hardly did anything, as he always did. He did, however, vomit on Golf Ball while she was carrying him, crashing into a tree as a result. When it came for his time to run, he continued to just stand there, doing nothing. This angers Golf Ball, who kicks Rocky into the tree. He then began (slowly) walking to the finish line. At the speed he was going, Rocky's Team was going to lose, that is, had Golf Ball not kicked Rocky once again to the goal.
In "Insectophobe's Nightmare", Rocky was chosen as Team Captain of the new team. Due to the fact that he forgot how to speak in Sweet Tooth (as noted by Tennis Ball), he chose Tennis Ball by vomiting on him. Tennis Ball then chose the rest of the members of the Team that would later be called Another Name. During the challenge, Rocky can be seen walking backward, vomiting on Coiny along the way. When his team is about to win he vomits in their path causing his team to lose.
In "Crybaby!", Rocky does not participate in the crying contest, but seems to be quite a hazard during the Tie Breakers. During the skiing challenge, Rocky trips teams while skiing downhill, causing them to roll into large snowballs. Rocky could not compete in the hand stand challenge, as he does not have arms. Instead of competing, he simply barfs on both of the teams, causing his own team to lose.
In "Lofty", Rocky along with Golf Ball were at risk for being eliminated with the most votes. However, the Squishy Cherries chose Rocky to be on their team, making him safe. Once again, Rocky didn't do anything during the challenge. Even so, his balloon was still the last one to be popped.
In "A Leg Up in the Race", Rocky was unable to climb the ladders during the challenge because he was armless. However, he still managed to reach the top by using his barf as an aerial maneuver. Rocky started out with 30 points for the point system. For placing 11th in the challenge, he gained 1 point but also lost 15 points for being voted for 15 times throughout the season. He ended up in the bottom third and was put up for elimination.
In "Don't Lose Your Marbles", Rocky is not pleased with the new elimination area but decides to like it when Announcer tells him to like it. Rocky is safe from elimination with only 11 votes. During the challenge, he barfs up 2 red balls, one for him and one for Tennis Ball, and places 3rd, earning him 15 points. Even so, he is still in the danger zone, putting him up for elimination.
In "Half a Loaf is Better Than None", Rocky once again is safe from elimination with 49 votes. During the bread gathering challenge, Rocky does not pay much attention towards watching the eliminated contestants compete, and barfs up miniature Rockies instead. Rocky, along with everyone else (besides Tennis Ball), does not succeed in retrieving Announcer's marble collection from the acid tub, however, he still gains 10 Sympathy Points for being armless. Despite galloping backward, he still does very well in the hurdle jumping challenge. When he hit the fifth hurdle, he got caught on it, making vomit fly in loops. Announcer called this "spectacular vomit art." He then earned 20 points from it, keeping him safe from elimination.
In "Vomitaco", Rocky chooses to participate in the barf contest. When Announcer says that the vomit in the bag was just colored water, Rocky barfs into it. This grosses out Pencil, who knocks him off the platform. For staying on his platform for 17 seconds, he got 17 points, landing him in the danger zone, putting him up for elimination.
In "Bowling, Now with Explosions!", Rocky is safe from elimination, only receiving 92 votes. Since he is armless, he was disqualified from the bowling challenge. Regardless, he, along with a few others lose the least amount of points, only losing 35 points total. However, even though he was not in the danger zone, he, along with everyone else (besides Firey) was put up for elimination.
In "The Reveal", Rocky only got 43 votes and was safe yet again from elimination. During the frisbee competition, he pairs up with Spongy. Their group is the second group to finish, earning them 100 points and making them safe from elimination.
In "Reveal Novum", Rocky voted Leafy to be eliminated because she had arms. Rocky uses his barfing habits to help him advance through the staring contest. This strategy, however, does not work against Pencil, who simply catches the vomit and throws it back at Rocky's face, causing him to blink. For making it to the semi-finals, he gets 15 points, making him safe from elimination.
In "Rescission", Rocky says "Hi Pencil! Aren't you glad I didn't vomit on you?" This marks the first time Rocky spoke since the first episode. Later, Rocky does quite well in the unicycle challenge. He uses his vomit as a speed boost and is able to easily complete the race, placing 2nd and getting an immunity ticket.
In "Gardening Hero", Rocky was not seen much, for he was abducted by aliens, barfed inside of their UFO, and ultimately destroyed in the ensuing explosion. Hence, he loses his immunity ticket making him get put up for elimination.
In "The Glistening", none of the eliminated contestants chose Rocky to be eliminated, making him safe. In the long jump challenge, instead of using his barf as an aerial maneuver, he flaps his legs, causing him to fly across the Dirt Pathway. Rocky did go far in the long jump challenge, however, since Leafy skidooed to Yoyleland (followed by giving her immunity to Spongy), Rocky was put up for elimination.
In "Don't Pierce My Flesh", Rocky vomited on Firey's Replacement Announcer at the beginning of the episode, which caused him to be slapped. During elimination, he is eliminated at 319 votes, beating 2nd place Flower by only 7 votes to be eliminated.
In "Insectophobe's Nightmare 2", Rocky, along with other eliminated contestants are briefly seen excited when the TLC teleported away (due to Flower), but then starts freaking out when it is teleported back again.
In "Return of the Hang Glider", when asked who he wants to win Dream Island, Rocky barfs a Leafy shaped vomit, implying that he wants Leafy to win Dream Island. When Firey wins Dream Island, he lets Rocky onto the Island. It is later revealed that an infinite matter generator is located inside him, which explains why he can barf so much. Later on, however, a small spiked ball falls into Rocky's mouth, smashing the generator, meaning Rocky can no longer vomit. Pencil gets excited and says "Finally, no more vomit!" Rocky negatively answers to this by spitting the spiked ball into Pencil's face.
Battle for Dream Island Again
In "Yeah, Who? I Wanna Know", it is revealed that Rocky would be competing in BFDIA, as he received the most votes (1,008 votes) to join the second season. When choosing teams, Rocky chooses to be on the larger team. Other than this, Rocky doesn't do much and simply idles in the background, although he does help his team win the tug-of-war contest (despite not having arms).
In "Get Digging", Rocky doesn't contribute much to making the Yoyle Stew, as he continues to idle in the background. When prompted by Fries, however, he does go dig a hole to search for ingredients underground. In the end, his team is put up for elimination.
In "Insectophobe's Nightmare 3", Rocky is the 6th to receive the cake, only getting 80 dislikes (which replaced votes) for elimination. After Fries got poisoned/killed in the bug killing contest, Rocky eats his poisoned remains, killing himself in the process.
In "Zeeky Boogy Doog", Rocky is brought back to life by Coiny using the new Hand-powered Recovery Center (HPRC). As usual, he does nothing during the challenge, and thanks to Coiny and Bomby, his team ends up losing and is put up for elimination.
In "Get in the Van", Rocky is brought back to life by the HPRC after Bomby exploded in the last episode. During Cake at Stake, Rocky drools out a strange purple substance but after a while, he stops. He gets 416 likes, coming close to Puffball, and receives 159 dislikes. Before the challenge, Rocky promises to never switch to any other teams by smiling and squeaking.
During the challenge, Rocky, Golf Ball, and Tennis Ball are all pushed off of Puffball by Gelatin. He kept smiling while falling. Evil Leafy starts chasing them, but Rocky keeps the same smile on his face. The smile never goes away, even after they reach a dead end. The FreeSmart Van crashed upon them, and Evil Leafy eats all of them.
In "It's a Monster", Rocky's first appearance was when after Gelatin and Puffball recovered their team members. After Firey was called to be present, he was smiling up and down. When Golf Ball said to a position on top of Puffball, Rocky's legs were squiggled for climbing up Puffball. He kept on smiling on the episode.
In "The Long-lost Yoyle City", Pencil took Rocky from Puffball with other Team No-Name members and kicked him into a fish monster's mouth. This delayed Team No-Name, resulting in FreeSmart winning the challenge. He's later killed three more times by the same fish monster.
In IDFB, Rocky was first seen vomiting. It's unknown how he got his barf back. He then goes with TB, GB, Pin, Coiny, and YF to the TLC/LOL. TB explains that Barf Bag would be the best person to get out so Rocky's vomit could be contained. Rocky then barfs on TB.
Battle for BFDI
In "Getting Teardrop to Talk", Rocky is first seen when Pen trips over him. Later, he is shown with everyone else when 4 tells them about winning a BFDI. He cheers along with everyone. Leafy picks Rocky to join her team which is later called Beep. When Leafy is cheering Cloudy, Rocky barfs on her. Beep is safe and Rocky is immune.
In "Lick Your Way to Freedom", Rocky is walking casually to the shock of Nickel. Balloony, who calls him 'little one', puts him to use. His acid speeds up the process of getting to the middle of the jawbreaker by melting through it, though no one is actually in said jawbreaker. His team is up for elimination.
In "Four Goes Too Far", he, along with the rest of his team (except Roboty), is turned orange. He remains orange until "What Do You Think Of Roleplay?", where the coloring substance is transferred to Basketball.
in "This Episode Is About Basketball", Rocky barfs on Woody during the challenge. His team is the last to finish and are therefore up for elimination.
In "Enter the Exit" Rocky is in the bottom two at Cake at Stake, but is safe.
In "What Do You Think of Roleplay?" Rocky mimics Puffball, and Basketball mimics Rocky. As Puffball, Rocky was correctly accused by Yellow Face after he vomited a rainbow substance on him. When he morphs back to his original form, he loses his orange color. As Rocky, Basketball was uncovered after she talked. This marks the first time we've heard Rocky's voice since "Rescission".
In "Return of the Rocket Ship", Balloony, using Woody's suggestion, helps Rocky vomit to get further deeper under the ground. For an unknown reason, Rocky is orange again. This is probably an oversight.
In "Don't Dig Straight Down", Rocky eats Nickel after a misunderstanding with Balloony and vomits acid in order to get away from the lava ceiling. This leads them on the roof of Golf Ball's Underground Factory. Later, Rocky and the gang try to break through the wall but Rocky ends up getting killed by the lava before it breaks.
|1||1,008 (joined BFDIA) (got the most votes, placing 1st)|
|3||303 likes, 80 dislikes|
|5a||416 likes, 159 dislikes|
|1||931 likes, 469 dislikes|
People Rocky has vomited on
|Character||Number of times||Episodes|
|Ice Cube||2||"Power of Three"|
|Golf Ball||1||"Cycle of Life"|
|Tennis Ball||3||"Insectophobe's Nightmare"|
"A Leg Up in the Race"
|Firey||4||"Cycle of Life" (indirectly)|
|Firey Speaker Box||1||"Don't Pierce My Flesh"|
|Leafy||1||"Getting Teardrop to Talk"|
|Woody||1||"This Episode Is About Basketball"|
|Yellow Face||1||"What Do You Think of Roleplay?"|
- "Take the Plunge: Part 1": May have drowned when Teardrop pushed him into the water (debatable).
- "Bridge Crossing": It's implied he drowned when he fell down the gorge.
- "Rescission": Is killed by the Announcer's acid.
- "Gardening Hero": Vomits inside an alien saucer causing it to blow up.
- "Insectophobe's Nightmare 2": Is devoured by bugs.
- "Insectophobe's Nightmare 3": Is poisoned when he eats a poisonous fry out of Fries.
- "Zeeky Boogy Doog": Dies in Bomby's explosion.
- "Get in the Van": Is eaten by Evil Leafy.
- "The Long-lost Yoyle City": Is eaten by the Fish Monster 4 times.
- "Don't Dig Straight Down": Killed by the lava.
- "Last BFDI": Breaks into pieces when hit with a pickaxe.
Total kills: 3
|Character||Number of times killed||Episodes|
|Bubble||2||"Cycle of Life" (along with Golf Ball)|
"Vomitaco" (along with Pencil)
|Nickel||1||"Don't Dig Straight Down"|
- "Happy Birthday, Battle for BFDI!": Devours Cake along with many other characters.
- "Battle for Dream Island: Official Character Guide/Instagram Promotion": Eats Lightning.
- Rocky is the second-shortest contestant out of everyone, after Firey Jr.
- In "Return of the Rocket Ship" Rocky is orange again even though he shapeshifted back into his grey color in the previous episode. The reason behind this is unknown.
- In BFDI, he is shown not to pay attention very often. When the other contestants are looking at whatever they're supposed to pay attention to, Rocky often looks the other way.
- In BFDI, Rocky was almost always smiling when idle. In BFDIA however, he is often seen with a neutral expression or a frown.
- Rocky is one of the only two contestants (the other being Firey) who got on all of the Season 1 teams: Squishy Cherries, Squashy Grapes, and Another Name.
- Therefore, Rocky was the only object that was on all of the teams but did not win.
- This also makes him the only armless contestant to be on all three teams.
- Rocky is one of three Season 1 Team Captains, the others being Leafy and Pin.
- He is the only male team captain in BFDI.
- He is also the only armless team captain in BFDI.
- Rocky didn't receive any elimination votes until Lofty.
- Rocky is the second contestant to receive the most votes at Cake at Stake but not be eliminated. This is due to the change of elimination rules for Episodes 9-12. The first contestant was Snowball.
- This makes him the last Squashy Grape and male contestant to receive a vote.
- Rocky has only talked by himself in 2 episodes of BFDI, "Take the Plunge: Part 1" and "Rescission".
- He's also talked in group shots as seen in "Cycle of Life", "Insectophobe's Nightmare 2", and "Return of the Hang Glider".
- So far, Rocky hasn't had any lines in BFB, unless one counts Basketball's line spoken in his body in "What Do You Think of Roleplay?".
- This episode marked the first time Rocky was included in the BFB credits.
- Rocky has been barfing since Sweet Tooth, but then he stopped barfing in "Return of the Hang Glider" due to his Infinite Matter Generator getting destroyed.
- In "Welcome Back", his ability to barf is back. It hasn't yet been explained how he got it back.
- Rocky has been in the bottom 2 five times against Golf Ball, Match, Pen, Flower, and David.
- This makes him tied with Golf Ball for being in the bottom 2 the most times, at five.
- Rocky has barfed approximately 92 times on BFDI.
- This excludes times when he barfed up objects (non-contestants, such as Red Balls and Frisbees).
- Rocky has the most likes out of everyone in BFDIA, at a whopping 1,650 likes.
- Rocky is the only character who got 1,000+ votes and got the most votes to be in Battle for Dream Island Again with 1,008.
- He is also the first character ever to receive a 4 digit number of votes.
- Rocky and Ice Cube are the only BFDI eliminated contestants who didn't have a chance of returning to BFDI.
- Rocky is the second highest ranking contestant who is voiced by Cary Huang, the highest ranking being Spongy.
- Rocky spent the least amount of time in the TLC out of everyone in the first season, at only 3 months.
- Rocky's favorite screen is barf (perhaps referencing to his barfing habits in Season 1, and may also mean that he misses vomiting).
- As of "Don't Dig Straight Down", Rocky received his first kill since BFDI.
- His saliva is purple, as shown when he was drooling in "Get in the Van".
- Rocky is a skilled unicyclist as he was the only contestant to not fall over in "Rescission", besides Leafy.
- Out of all the armless contestants, Rocky survived the longest in BFDI, tying with Spongy.
- It seems that Rocky and Spongy are good friends because they are known as the two "gross" contestants. They also were partners at the Frisbee contest in "The Reveal".
- Rocky is one of the five contestants whose name can be a human name. The others are David, Woody, Ruby, and Dora.
- The official sound of Rocky's barfing is "bulleh", not "bleh". It is confirmed in the subtitles for "Lofty", as well as a file called bulleh.gif.
- In "Lick Your Way to Freedom", it is revealed that Rocky also has the ability to barf acid.
- Rocky is one of the few characters who have eaten Fries' fries, along with Book, Gelatin, Yellow Face, and Lollipop.
- Rocky cannot write with his feet, as shown in "Are You Smarter Than a Snowball?".
- Rocky is the first male contestant to receive a cake.
- According to Leafy's loyalty chart, Rocky is the most loyal with a score of 8.
- Rocky is the highest ranked contestant in BFDI that either didn't rejoin or didn't make it to the finale.
- Rocky is one of the eight contestants who had their minds swapped in "What Do You Think of Roleplay?", the others are Tree, Basketball, Spongy, Puffball, Pin, Lightning, and Taco.
- Rocky is the second character shown in the beginning of "Getting Teardrop to Talk", with the first character being Pen.
- Rocky received the lowest 4 digit number of votes in BFB, at 1,045.
- It is possible that he is aware of his barfing problems, as in "Rescission" he asks Pencil if she was glad that he didn't vomit on her, only for him to vomit on her afterward. This shows that he is aware and doesn't mind the backlash that he gets for doing so.
Click here to view the gallery.
| BFDI 12: Blocky • Leafy • Ice Cube • Tennis Ball|
| BFDI 12: Bubble • Eraser • Match • Pen • Pencil • Snowball • Rocky|
| BFDI 12: Firey|
Switched: Rocky • Tennis Ball
Eliminated: Golf Ball • Coiny
|BFDIA 6: Firey • Tennis Ball • Rocky • Golf Ball • Gelatin • Fries|
|People in IDFB|
|FreeSmart: Book • Bubble • Ice Cube • Pencil • Ruby|